This lecture documents the long history of the state and tells how its people, at first limited by the landscape, radically altered it to support their needs. It is the story of the African slaves and their descendants, as well as the chronicle of their struggles through slavery, the Jim Crow era, and the Civil Rights Movement. Dr. Arwin D. Smallwood is a Professor, and Chair of the Department of History, at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University in Greensboro. While at the University of Memphis, Dr. Smallwood taught in the Department of History for 10 years and contributed to the building of the department’s Ph.D. program in African-American History, the only one of its kind in the country. Dr. Smallwood has also participated in the award-winning UNC-TV film documentary titled, “The Birth of A Colony: North Carolina,” produced by UNC-TV, the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, and Horizons Productions.